AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

UNIT – I

Introduction: Layout of automobile – introduction chassis and body components . types of Automobile engines. – power unit – Introduction to engine lubrication – engine servicing
Fuel System: S.I. Engine : Fuel supply systems, Mechanical and electrical fuel pump – filters – carburetor – types – air filters – petrol injection. Introductionto MPFI and GDI Systems.
C.I. Engines: Requirements of diesel injection systems, types of injection systems, DI Systems IDI systems. fuel pump, nozzle, spray formation, injection timing, testing of fuel pumps. Introduction CRDI and TDI Systems.

UNIT – II

Cooling System: Cooling Requirements, Air Cooling, Liquid Cooling, Thermo, water and Forced Circulation System – Radiators – Types – Cooling Fan – water pump, thermostat, evaporative cooling – pressure sealed cooling – antifreeze solutions.
Ignition System: Function of an ignition system, battery ignition system, constructional features of storage, battery, auto transformer, contact breaker points, condenser and spark plug – Magneto coil ignition system, electronic ignition system using contact breaker, electronic ignition using contact triggers – spark advance and retard mechanism.
Electrical System: Charging circuit, generator, current – voltage regulator – starting system, bendix drive mechanism solenoid switch, lighting systems, Horn, wiper, fuel gauge – oil pressure gauge, engine temperature indicator etc.

UNIT – III

Transmission System: Clutches, principle, types, cone clutch, single plate clutch, multi plate clutch, magnetic and centrifugal clutches, fluid fly wheel – gear boxes, types, sliding mesh, constantt mesh, synchro mesh gear boxes, epicyclic gear box , over drive torque converter. Propeller shaft – Hotch – Kiss drive, Torque tube drive, universal joint, differential rear axles – types – wheels and tyres.
Suspension System: Objects of suspension systems – rigid axle suspension system, torsion bar, shock absorber, Independent suspension system.

UNIT – IV

Braking System: Mechanical brake system, Hydraulic brake system, Master cylinder, wheel cylinder tandem master cylinder Requirement of brake fluid, Pneumatic and vacuum brakes.
Steering System: Steering geometry – camber, castor, king pin rake, combined angle toein, center point steering. Types of steering mechanism – Ackerman steering mechanism, Davis steering mechanism, steering gears – types, steering linkages.

UNIT – V

Emissions from Automobiles – Pollution standards National and international – Pollution Control – Techniques – Multipoint fuel injection for SI Engines. Common rail diesel injection Energy alternatives – Solar, Photo-voltaic, hydrogen, Biomass, alcohols, LPG,CNG, liquid Fuels and gaseous fuels, Hydrogen as a fuel for IC Engines. – their merits and demerits.
Standard Vehicle maintenance practice.