# FLUID MECHANICS & HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

Fluid Mechanics Syllabus as per JNTUH. However we cover other universities syllabus as well effectively to ensure student’s  high success rate in exams and help them to get good scores.

UNIT – I

Introduction: Dimensions and units – Physical properties of fluids specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension, vapor pressure and their influences on fluid motion pressure at a point, Pascal’s law, Hydrostatic law – atmospheric, gauge and vacuum pressure- measurement of pressure. Pressure gauges, Manometers: differential and Micro Manometers. Hydrostatic forces on submerged plane, Horizontal, Vertical, inclined and curved surfaces – Center of pressure. Derivations and problems.

UNTI – II

Buoyancy and floatation: stability of bodies, meta centre, liquids in relative equilibrium.

Fluid Kinematics: Description of fluid flow, Stream line, path line and streak lines and stream tube. Classification of flows : Steady, unsteady, uniform, non uniform, laminar, turbulent, rotational and irrotational flows – Equation of continuity for one, two , three dimensional flows – stream and velocity potential functions, circulation and vorticity, flownet analysis.

UNIT – III

Fluid Dynamics and Measurement of Flow: Surface and body forces – Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along a stream line for 3-D flow, (Navier – stokes equations (Explanationary) Momentum equation and its application – forces on pipe bend. Pitot tube, Venturi meter, and orifice meter – classification of orifices, flow over rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal and Stepped notches – –Broad crested weirs.

UNIT – IV

Closed Conduit Flow: Reynold’s experiment – Characteristics of Laminar & Turbulent flows. Laws of Fluid friction – Darcy’s equation, ,variation of friction factor with Reynold’s number – Moody’s Chart, Minor losses – pipes in series – pipes in parallel – Total energy line and hydraulic gradient line. Pipe network problems Flow between parallel plates, Flow through long tubes, flow through inclined tubes, water hammer.

UNIT – V

Boundary Layer Theory: Approximate Solutions of Navier Stokes Equations – Boundary layer – concepts, Prandtl contribution, Characteristics of boundary layer along a thin flat plate, Vonkarmen momentum integral equation, laminar and turbulent Boundary layers (no derivations) BL in transition, separation of BL, control of BL, flow around submerged objects-Drag and Lift- Magnus effect